Latin name : Eucaliptus globulus.English name : Blue gum tree
Eucalyptus is a plant that is originally from Australia and Tasmania,grows rapidly and reaches up to 80 meters.Permanent residents of this tree are the koala's and they feed with its leaves.
Another interesting thing about koala's is that after they eat the leaves they actually get drunk,because the leaves in the stomach of the koala's get fermented into alcohol and therefore they always sleep.
The leaves of the eucalyptus are flat and wide,and its edges are always turned to the north - south direction,and they are protected against the excessive evaporation at high temperatures.The leaves and the fruit of eucalyptus has a very pleasant aroma and therefore it is used against diseases of the respiratory system in the form of tablets and syrup,or as essential oils.Otherwise,this tree is a very good air cleaner and the environments with eucalyptus forests are very healthy areas.
It can be found in Australia and Tasmania,and reproduces by seeds which are sown in late March or early April.
Medicinal uses of the plant : leaves and oil of eucalyptus are used for the treatment of respiratory organs,asthma,bronchitis, infections of the upper respiratory tract.It is commonly used in the form of inhalation.
Curative effect :Lowers the body temperature,has antibacterial and antiviral properties.From the smell of eucalyptus mosquitoes go away,leaves are used as a tea against diabetes and against panic attacks.Eucalyptus oil is used in various preparations for rheumatic diseases.It us also used in female diseases in the form of tea and bathing.
Eucalyptol is the main ingredient of which the ethereal oil is obtained by steam distillation of fresh leaves and flowers. Essential oil is colorless or light greenish - yellow fluid,has a distinctive fresh taste and strong cool aroma,because of that it is used in the production of the chewing gum.